Transitioning To Graduate School
What Does Grad School Offer
So, you have been accepted to grad school, now what?
Your graduate degree will provide advanced training (beyond a bachelor’s degree) in your preferred specific academic discipline. The focus is on advancing your subject-specific academic knowledge as opposed to preparing you for a specific career or job.
What are the benefits of a grad degree?
- Graduate degrees are necessary for work in academia.
- Some fields may give you higher earning potential and expanded job prospects.
- You can gain skills in a new area or discipline other than your undergraduate degree.
- Graduate school can help you get research experience and publication credits.
- A graduate degree can help you strengthen your application to professional school.
Distinguishing Graduate Programs
There are two main levels of graduate programs: master's and Ph.D.
Master's level programs require advanced-level thinking, where the goal is to advance the graduate students' subject knowledge. As well as beginning to develop the students' capacity for individual research.
A Ph.D. program shifts towards even further independence as the student continues their program. The large requirement of the Ph.D. is to provide a substantial contribution to the academic community.
Graduate programs can be identified as follows:
- Terminal Master's degree: some master's degrees are considered terminal if the field does not offer a degree beyond the master's.
- Non-terminal degree: are usually programs in which a student begins in a master's program that can ultimately lead to being accepted into a Ph.D. program.
- Postgraduate diploma (PGD): can be earned after a Bachelor's degree to expand upon a student's field of knowledge. Is sometimes used as a preparatory route to graduate school.
- Doctorate degree: is the highest level of academic degree in most fields.
Each of these categories often involve one of three program requirements: course-based, project-based, or thesis-based (research).
A course-based program results in acquiring advanced knowledge, skill, and experience to be proficient one's field. These are common in professional degree type programs.
A project-based program requires students to complete course work and a final project.
A thesis-based program require students to design, collect, analyze, and interpret research findings, and communicate this new knowledge in the form of a thesis. The expectations of discovery are different between the master's and the Ph.D. level.
The next element of a graduate degree important to consider is the program's discipline. A program discipline shapes and often provides a particular lens in how a researcher views the phenomenon in front of them.
Finishing grad school is a big deal. It takes years of commitment, hard work, long hours and dedication. Here's a few tips:
- Leverage your grad school professional network
- Attend job fairs
- Start your search with websites like HigherEdJobs, GlassDoor, LinkedIn
- The job market is competitive - your first job out of grad school does not have to be your career
- Prepare and research for each opportunity
It is a misconception that you can't start applying for jobs until you have your degree in hand. Many employers welcome applicants who are still working on a degree. You are 'fresh talent'.
Talk to USask's Student Employment and Career Centre (SECC). They are here to help.
Program Life Cycle
At USask, the Student Life Cycle refers to the entire process from when the student is recruited to convocation and beyond.
We can break the graduate student life cycle into three main chunks: Entry, Engagement, and Exit. * Adapted from Stewart, Donald W. (1995). Developmental Considerations in Counselling Graduate Students. Guidance & Counseling, 10(3), 21-24.
The entry stage starts at the point when you first began thinking about pursuing a graduate degree, including the application phase and continues throughout your first year of graduate studies.
This period is a major transition phase and based on the literature we recommend three focus areas for your success:
- Develop a clear sense of purpose and direction
- Manage academic demands
- Maintain motivation
You are going to be adjusting to new academic standards, whether that is from undergraduate to graduate studies or master's to Ph.D. Your education is now your responsibility. You need to identify the necessary supports to perform at the level you desire. You have to educate yourself on thesis requirements and managing your progress. Your workload is also your responsibility to manage.
Remember this is a transitional period and your motivation will be tested.
Sometimes students can feel isolated during this time of their program. Its important as your transition into your program to meet new peers and colleagues.
The next stage starts in your second or third year of the program and can be described as the engagement stage.
You have reached this stage when your role within your program, department, and research area begin to solidify.
During this time graduate students lean more toward two main functions; self-preservation and achievement. During this stage students can begin to procrastinate. It is important to make consistent sustainable progress to ensure you allow yourself ample time for completion.
The final stage of the graduate student life cycle is the exit stage. Spending years in academia creates a unique experience where you become deeply intimate with your research area. However, this time can also create a disconnect. It is not uncommon for students to feel discomfort as they disengage from academia.
Grad School Language
We all know that graduate school is a lot of work, but did you know that it has its own vocabulary? Fancy words start cropping up in conversations - they are probably words you have heard, but do you really know what they mean?
No problem, here's a kick start to USask's acronyms and jargon.
Use software like Evernote to take note of those new words on the go. If it needs to be added here, tell us!