14.1. STUDENT ACADEMIC MISCONDUCT

This policy is complementary to, and does not replace or contradict, anything in the University Council Regulations on Student Academic Misconduct, and in the case of a dispute the University Council regulations will take precedence.

Students shall perform their academic work with honesty and integrity. Academic work includes, but is not limited to in class participation, examinations, assignments, patient care and other duties.  Every student must perform his or her own work.

Student misconduct includes: Cheating; plagiarism; forgery; fabrication; theft of instructional material or tests; unauthorized access to or manipulation of laboratory or clinical equipment or computer programs; alteration of grade books, clinical records, files or computer grades; misuse of research data in reporting results; use of personal relationships to gain grades or favours or other attempts to obtain grades or credit through fraudulent means; unprofessional conduct related to patient care; threats to university personnel; and other conduct inconsistent with academic integrity.

University of Saskatchewan Council has approved Guidelines for Academic Conduct and Regulations on Student Academic Misconduct.

The guidelines identify expectations about ethical behavior expected from all those who work and learn at the university.

These guidelines include honesty and integrity expectations of graduate students, in their coursework including assignments and examinations, in their research and scholarly activities for theses and dissertations, and in their interactions with others in internship or practicum placements.

The same standard of student honesty should apply to interactions with personnel such as lab instructors, teaching assistants, sessional instructors and administrative staff, as applies to interactions with full-time faculty.

14.1.1. CHEATING AND FABRICATION

Cheating includes, but is not limited to, giving or receiving unauthorized aid in academic work such as the improper use of books, notes, or other students’ tests, papers or lab reports; the buying or supplying of term papers, lab reports, essays or analyses; passing off the artistic work of others as one’s own; taking a dishonest competitive advantage (for instance, preventing others from fair and equal access to library resources); or using work done for one course in fulfillment of the requirements of another, without approval of the teachers involved.

Fabrication includes furnishing to a university office or official or faculty member a written or oral statement known by the student to be false or misleadingly incomplete.  This includes, but is not limited to, medical information and student data for financial aid and admission. 

14.1.2. PLAGIARISM

Plagiarism is the theft of the intellectual creation of another person without proper attribution.  It is the use of someone else’s words or ideas or data without proper documentation or acknowledgement.  Quotations must be clearly marked, and sources of information, ideas, or opinions of others must be clearly indicated in all written work.  This applies to paraphrased ideas as well as to direct quotations.  A student must acknowledge and fairly recognize any contributions made to their personal research and scholarly work by others, including other students and self.

There is an onus on every student to become informed as to what does or does not constitute plagiarism. Ignorance of applicable standards of ethical writing is not an acceptable excuse. The critical consideration is the impression created in the mind of the others, not the subjective intent of the student. This determination involves an objective evaluation of the manuscript. No intent to deceive is required to establish plagiarism.

Education, but especially graduate education, is all about ideas and concepts.  Whether in philosophy or physics, education or engineering, all students will be acquiring and working with the ideas and concepts that other people have created (and the knowledge that has resulted from those ideas/concepts).  All students are expected to properly and appropriately acknowledge the sources of ideas, whether paraphrased or directly copied (quoted).  To pass off another’s words or ideas as one’s own is to commit plagiarism.  In order to protect the reputation of the high quality of the degrees offered at the University of Saskatchewan, the College of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies takes very seriously cases of plagiarism where there is clearly an attempt to pass someone else’s work off as one’s own, such as copying other’s work without using quotations, or paraphrasing someone’s work, without citing the source in a footnote or in a reference section. 

An excellent source of information about plagiarism (what it is, how to avoid it) can be found at: http://libguides.usask.ca/citation/whycite.  Questions about this matter which cannot be answered by visiting this site should be directed to your Graduate Chair or the Dean of the CGPS.

14.1.3. OTHER FORMS OF ACADEMIC MISCONDUCT

Unauthorized access includes clandestine entry into any University facility or property, unapproved use or manipulation of University documents, records, or files, including computer data and programs. Unacceptable use of computing services and violation of copyright law are also considered to be academic misconduct.

14.1.4. CONSEQUENCES OF ACADEMIC MISCONDUCT IN COURSEWORK

Penalties resulting from informal resolution of academic misconduct will be mutually agreed upon by the student and course instructor/supervisor, while penalties resulting from formal resolution of academic misconduct shall be the responsibility of the panel hearing the case.

Consequence Guidelines for First Offense of Academic Misconduct in Coursework:

Suggested minimum Penalty for academic dishonesty in coursework is a mark of 0 for the assignment. Where plagiarism is the offence, the student should be required to review and write a document summarizing an agreed source text on plagiarism; the document must be submitted prior to the next registration.

Intermediate Penalties for academic misconduct in course work range from 0 in the assignment/exam/lab and a (minimum) 10% reduction in the course grade, to suspension for at least one term. 

Maximum Penalty of expulsion should be applied in cases where plagiarism is extensive and there is a deliberate attempt to hide/deny the plagiarism. 

Consequence Guidelines for Second Offense of Academic Misconduct in Coursework:

A student found guilty of a second offence of plagiarism in coursework should be considered for expulsion.      

Consequence Guidelines for Plagiarism in Thesis or Dissertation:

Suggested minimum penalty of suspension of at least one term in cases where examples of plagiarism are very limited in number and scope or where there are extenuating circumstances. Student should review and write a document summarizing an agreed source text on plagiarism prior to the next admission period.

Maximum Penalty of expulsion should be applied in all cases of substantive plagiarism. In the case of an approved thesis or dissertation, the penalty should also include revocation of the thesis or dissertation.

Consequence Guidelines for Fabrication of Data or Results:

Fabrication of data or results used for research and course work will not be tolerated and students who engage in this behavior will be subject to consequences equivalent to those applied in cases of plagiarism.
 

14.2. CONFLICT OF INTEREST

All possibilities of conflict of interest in academic decisions shall be scrupulously avoided. It is the responsibility of faculty members and students to declare conflicts of interest when they know them to arise. It is the responsibility of the Graduate Chair, the CGPS Dean, or any other person responsible for graduate program administration to ensure that conflicts of interest are avoided in academic decisions.
Conflict of interest may arise in the following situations, among others: teaching or supervising family members or close relatives, teaching or supervising persons with whom one has a close personal relationship or is involved in dispute, teaching or supervising persons from whom one is receiving gifts, teaching or supervising persons with whom one has close research relationships or shared financial interests, etc. For more information regarding conflicts of interest, please refer to the University of Saskatchewan Policies Handbook and the Guidelines for Academic Conduct.

14.3. POLICIES OF PARTICULAR ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL DISCIPLINES

All graduate students, their supervisors, and advisors shall know and respect the policies and standards of their particular academic discipline, professional body, and associated granting council.

14.4 GRADUATE FACULTY PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT

All graduate faculty shall be subject to the policies stipulated in the U of S Policy on Academic Affairs and Research and Scholarly Activities. This includes, but is not limited to all aspects of graduate faculty conduct with respect to their role and responsibilities in graduate student education and academic research.